Dust monitors

Dust monitors are commonly used to identify and potentially quantify the presence of solid particles in a gas mixture. Several technologies exist to measure particle rate, and the choice varies according to application specifications.

How to select the right dust monitoring technology?

Dust monitors are generally used to detect and possibly quantify the presence of solid particles in a gas mixture.

There are 2 categories of functions:

how to choose the right technology

  1. the process dust monitoring systems, used to control industrial processes
  2. the Continuous Emissions Monitoring System(CEMS) for monitoring dust levels at emission.

And depending on the application, the two most advanced technologies / methods, may be used:

  • A - Optical technology with LED light backscattering method
  • B - The inductive electrification method (most recent development of fundamental triboelectric technology)

The table shows globally which method is preferred for which function, and which Fuji Electric dust monitoring equipment is required for precise measurement

Function / method1 - Process
dust monitor
2 - Emission
dust monitor
A Light backscattering (LED optical technology)-ZFDM-4
B Inductive electrification (advanced triboelectric technology)S303S305QAL or S304

When emission monitoring is concerned, i.e. a dust CEMS is required, both technologies may be selected. And the choice will depend on the application specifications.

The next paragraphs explain in detail how to select the right dust monitoring devices according to the application.

how to select dust monitors

Case 1 : The process dust particle monitoring systems

case 1 dust monitor

The dust monitoring system is used to either detect solid particles, or quantify the concentration of solid particles in a gas flow.

  • A good example of dust detection is a broken bag filter dust monitor. Such a dust detector will inform immediately the operator that a filter is damaged. The operator will save time, money and environmental impact while reacting fast and recovering a valid process.
  • Concerning process dust monitors with a trend reading and output, these are used to measure the particle count inside a gas stream.
assemble inductive electrification monitor

Here are some of the advantages:

  • Monitoring the dust concentration downstream a filter. When this dust concentration measurement starts drifting, the operator gets the information that soon the filter may be cleaned or replaced.
  • Monitoring the quantity of solid particles flowing in a pneumatic conveying system. For instance, measuring the flow trend of cereals in a pipe in the agriculture industry or sugar particles in the food industry.

For process applications, the preferred dust monitoring technology is the inductive electrification method.

This is the high and latest advancement of the old and famous “triboelectric” measurement method.
We explain the difference in the Fuji Electric S300 Series technical description.

Why choose a triboelectric dust monitor (or inductively electrification) dust monitor for industrial processes dust monitoring?

The solid particles in many cases are flowing through a small diameter duct. The inductive electrification dust monitoring equipment can be configured for both medium and small-diameter ducts.

Case 2: The emission dust monitoring systems

When dust monitoring is used to measure the concentration of solid particles emitted to the atmosphere by a combustion process or any other industrial process, then both technologies may be used.

What are the criteria to select emission dust monitoring equipment?

case 2 dust monitor for emissions

Thanks to their innovative design, Fuji Electric's QAL1-certified dust monitors meet these 5 conditions, with each of the 2 leading technologies:

When should you choose an inductive electrification dust monitor for continuous measurement of air emissions (CEMS)?

installation of retrodiffusion optical dust monitor

They will then use one or the other of the 2 technologies depending on the following parameters:

  • Flue gas temperature and velocity
  • Type, nature and diversity of particles
  • Filtration technology used before emission discharge

Is it possible to use a triboelectric dust monitor when there is an electrostatic precipitator (ESP) filter in the process?

The answer is no... but...

  • No, as a basic triboelectric dust monitor’s response will be impacted by the ESP operation.
  • But … the inductive electrification technology actually makes it possible:

So, finally, YES the Fuji Electric S300 series dust monitors, using inductive electrification technology are used even when the particles are filtered by an ESP.
The only case where it is not possible is when the S300 series dust monitor is located right downstream of the ESP. But in most cases, there are some distance and/or flue gas treatment processes between the ESP and the dust monitor, such as :

  • NOx minimization process (DeNOx SCR most commonly)
  • Desulphurisation process
  • Bag filter fine small particles removal step

In which case choosing an optical LED backscattering dust monitor for CEMS purpose ?

A dust monitoring system with LED backscattering technology is used when :

See Fuji Electric ZFDM-4 technical description for detailed explanations.

In all other cases, the industrial operators are free to choose one or the other technology.
In case of any doubt, Fuji Electric France experts and Fuji Electric France partners will be glad to support you in selecting the best solution for your dust monitoring measurement application.

Fuji Electric France's experts will be happy to help you choose the best solution for dust monitoring.